Abstract Brazil deposited at the UN Secretariat its ratification of Nagoya Protocol on March 4, 2021. 90 (ninety) days from this date, the country becomes a member of the Nagoya Protocol, assuming rights and duties. This paper aims to contribute to the challenge that the country will have in harmonizing the Nagoya Protocol and its internal legal framework (Law 13.123/2015 regulated by Decree 8.772 /2016)
After the Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic in the Americas in 2016, both Zika and dengue incidence declined to record lows in many countries in 2017–2018, but in 2019 dengue resurged in Brazil, causing ~2.1 million cases. In this study we use epidemiological, climatological and genomic data to investigate dengue dynamics in recent years in Brazil. First, we estimate dengue virus force of infection (FOI) and model mosquito-borne transmission suitability since the early 2000s. Our estimates reveal that DENV transmission was low in 2017–2018, despite conditions being suitable for viral spread.