Fiocruz has historically maintained a strong international presence through cooperation and exchange with health and science and technology institutions in various countries and it's recognized today as a strategic Brazilian national institution and an important protagonist for exchange in global health. 

International technical assistance has provided important support to the development of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation over the years, first through a North-South relationship, relying on prospecting by specific researchers, and later with greater institutionalization and participation by organizations from partner countries and multilateral agencies. 

The Foundation also maintains close relations with the international areas of the Brazilian government, especially the Ministry of Health, through its International Health Advisory Division (AISA), and the Ministry of Foreign Relations, through its various technical divisions and the Brazilian Cooperation Agency (ABC). 

When Brazil recently achieved emerging economy status, the country adopted a diplomatic stance in favor of horizontal international cooperation. Aligned with this trend, FIOCRUZ has supported the health area in developing countries, in a South-South relationship.

These South-South partnerships mainly include institutions from African countries whose official language is Portuguese (Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, and São Tomé and Principe) and Latin American countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guiana, Haiti, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela.)

Networks of structuring institutions have been established with their secretariats located at FIOCRUZ: Network of National Health Institutes (Rins), Network of National Schools of Public Health (Resp), Network of Technical Schools in Health (Rets), and the Pan-Amazonian Network for Science and Technology. In addition to the above, the Brazilian Network of Human Milk Banks (rBLH) has been replicated in other South American countries.

Fiocruz also enjoys recognition by the Pan American Health Organization and World Health Organization. Importantly, seven Collaborating Centers have been designated at Foundation in the PAHO/WHO international network, thereby confirming the Foundation’s excellence in global health.

Organizations and institutions

Fiocruz maintains relations with the world’s leading institutions in science, technology, and development, regional and sub-regional multilateral institutions, public and private organizations from various countries, and numerous universities. The following are some of these organizations and institutions:

Multilateral agencies

World Bank
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
United Nations (UN)
World Health Organization (WHO)
United Nations Development Program (UNDP)
United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)
Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)

Regional and sub-regional organizations

Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP)
Southern Common Market (Mercosur)
Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO)
Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)

Public and private institutions

German Federal Enterprise for International Cooperation (GIZ)
Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
Global Alliance for TB Drug Development (TB Alliance)
National Alliance for Life Sciences and Health (Aviesan) - France
Association of Portuguese-Speaking Universities (AULP)
Centers for Disease Control (CDC) - USA
International Development Research Centre (IDRC) - Canada
Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative (DNDI) - multilateral
National Institutes of Health (NIH) - USA
Institut Pasteur International Network (RIIP) – France

International graduate programme

The international programme of internationalization of Fiocruz's Stricto Sensu graduate programmes (PrInt Fiocruz-CAPES) aims to expand Fiocruz's international insertion in education, science, technology and the production of frontier knowledge through the creation of inclusive inclusive networking environments that are capable of attracting students and researchers to study, with a multidisciplinary view of major global issues, and strengthening Fiocruz's role as an articulating institution for North-South cooperation in health education, science and technology.